John Marshall Harlan – Supreme Court Justice from 1877-1911

- Nominated by Rutherford Hayes

- Lone dissenter in the 1883 Civil Rights Cases and Plessy V Ferguson (1896)

o Alone in dissent, Harlan argued that the Louisiana law at issue, which forced separation of white and black passengers on railway cars, was a "badge of servitude" that degraded African-Americans, and correctly predicted that the Court's ruling would become as infamous as its ruling in the Dred Scott case.